Create and configure a policy

Use policies to protect computers using one or more Workload Security modules.

Before you use the API, you should understand the essential concepts about policies. For background information, see Create policies to protect your computers and other resources.

Create a policy

Create a policy that defines the behavior of the Workload Security modules that you are using, and that configures policy settings such as agent-manager communication, scanning behavior, logging, event retention, and network engine settings. After you create a policy you can assign it to one or more computers.

To create a policy you create a Policy object, set its properties to define behaviors, and then use the PoliciesApi class to add it to Workload Security. Because policies are hierarchical, when creating a policy you need to indicate the ID of the parent policy. (Use an ID of 0 to create a top-level policy.)

The Policy object provides access to many policy properties:

  • The ID of the parent policy
  • The interfaces to which the policy applies rules
  • Whether to perform ongoing recommendation scans
  • Whether to automatically send policy changes to computers (AutoRequiresUpdate)
  • Policy settings
To see the available policy properties, expand the 200 response to the Describe a Policy operation in the API Reference.

This example creates a policy below Base Policy. A search obtains Base Policy to obtain its ID, which is used as the parent of a new policy. (The creation of the search criteria and search filter is not shown.)

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# Search for the Base Policy
policies_api = api.PoliciesApi(api.ApiClient(configuration))
policy_search_results = policies_api.search_policies(api_version, search_filter=search_filter)

# Set the parent ID of the new policy to the ID of the Base Policy
new_policy.parent_id = policy_search_results.policies[0].id

# Add the new policy to Workload Security
created_policy = policies_api.create_policy(new_policy, api_version)

The Policy object that is created contains no module configurations or setting values. When the configurations and settings are omitted, the values are inherited from the parent policy. Therefore, the policy that is created inherits almost all behavior from the Base Policy. Also note that policy ID's are immutable, so if you know the ID of the policy you can just use it instead of searching.

To use the API to interact with policies, use the /api/policies endpoint. (See the Policies group of operations in the API Reference.)

For information about searching, see Search for Resources. For information about authenticating API calls, see Authenticate with Workload Security.

Assign a policy to a computer

Assign a policy to a computer to protect the computer according to the policy settings and the configuration of the security modules:

  1. Create a Computer object.
  2. Set the policy ID to use on the object.
  3. Use a ComputersApi object to update the computer on Workload Security.

The following example assigns a policy to a computer. A search obtains the policy to obtain its ID, which is assigned to a computer. (The creation of the search criteria and search filter is not shown.)

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# Perform the search
policy_search_results = policies_api.search_policies(api_version, search_filter=search_filter)

# Assign the policy to the computer
computer.policy_id = policy_search_results.policies[0].id
Also see the Modify a Policy operation in the API Reference.
You can override a policy at the computer level. See Configure Computers to Override Policies.

Configure policy and default policy settings

Policy Settings control many of the behaviors of the protection modules and the Workload Security platform. Therefore, many tasks that you automate using the API require you to configure policy settings.

For a list of policy and default policy settings, see Default policy, policy, and computer settings in the Settings Reference.

Default setting values and overrides

Workload Security policies are hierarchical. A policy's location in the hierarchy determines the default values of their settings:

  • Top-level policies: A set of default policy settings defines the default values for all top-level policies.
  • Child policies: Default values are inherited from their parent policy.

You can configure any setting for a policy to override the default. Therefore, a default policy setting is inherited by policies down the hierarchy until a policy overrides it.

For more information about the policy hierarchy and inheritance, see Policies, inheritance, and overrides.

Policy setting and default policy setting classes

The Workload Security SDKs provide the following classes for storing policy and default policy settings. These classes are used to pass setting values between Workload Security and SDK or API clients.

  • DefaultPolicySettings: Stores the values of all default policy settings.
  • PolicySettings: Stores setting values for a specific policy.

The settings of the DefaultPolicySettings and PolicySettings classes are identical, with a few exceptions. (See Default policy, policy, and computer settings in the Settings Reference.)

Retrieve the value of a policy setting or default policy setting

The PoliciesApi class enables you to retrieve the value of a single setting for a policy or for the default policy settings. For a policy, you can either retrieve the effective value of the setting or the override value:

  • Effective setting: The value that is being used for the policy. This value is either inherited or has been set specifically for this policy (overridden).
  • Override: The value that has been set specifically for this policy. No value indicates that the setting value is inherited.

Retrieve a default setting when you want to know the default value for top-level policies.

When you retrieve a setting value, identify the setting by name. The value is returned as a SettingValue object. For a list of policy and default policy settings, see Default policy, policy, and computer settings in the Settings Reference.

The following example retrieves the firewall network engine mode of a policy.

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# Get the policy details from Workload Security
policies_api = api.PoliciesApi(api.ApiClient(configuration))
return policies_api.describe_policy_setting(policy_id, api.PolicySettings.firewall_setting_network_engine_mode, api_version, overrides=False)

To get the value for the default policy setting, use the describe_default_setting method.

List all policy or default policy settings

You can retrieve all policy and default policy settings in a single call. The way you retrieve settings from Workload Security depends on the setting class.

  • Default policy settings: Use a PoliciesApi object to get a DefaultPolicySettings object from the manager.
  • Policy settings: Use a PoliciesApi object to get a policy from Workload Security as a Policy object. Then, get the PolicySettings object from the Policy object.

For examples, see the List default policy settings and Describe a policy operations in the Policies section of the API Reference.

Configure a single policy or default policy setting

The PoliciesApi class enables you to set the value of a single setting for a policy or for the default policy settings.

  1. Create a SettingValue object and set the value (all values are strings). When settings accept one value from a list of choices, you can either use the ID of the choice or the exact wording of the choice as it appears in the Workload Security console.
  2. Create a PoliciesApi object and use it with the SettingValue object to modify either the policy setting or default setting. When modifying a policy setting, you also provide the policy ID.

The following example sets the value of the firewall network engine mode of a policy

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# Create a SettingValue object and set the value to either "Inline" or "Tap"
network_engine_mode_value = api.SettingValue()
network_engine_mode_value.value = "Inline"

# Modify the setting on Workload Security
policies_api = api.PoliciesApi(api.ApiClient(configuration))
return policies_api.modify_policy_setting(policy_id, api.PolicySettings.firewall_setting_network_engine_mode, network_engine_mode_value, api_version, overrides=False)
To set the value for the default policy setting, use the modify_default_setting method.

Also see the Modify a Policy Setting operation in the API Reference.

Configure multiple policy and default policy settings

To configure multiple policy or default policy settings, you first create a settings object for each setting and set the values:

  1. Create a SettingValue object and set the value (all values are strings). When settings accept one value from a list of choices, you can either use the ID of the choice or the exact wording of the choice as it appears in the Workload Security console.
  2. Create an object from the settings class (DefaultPolicySettings or PolicySettings).
  3. Set the value of the setting to the SettingValue object.

Set the value of as many settings as required in the same DefaultPolicySettings or PolicySettings object.

For either class of settings, the way you modify the setting on Workload Security is slightly different:

  • Default policy settings: Use a PoliciesApi object to modify the DefaultPolicySettings object on the manager.
  • Policy settings: Add the PolicySettings object to a Policy object. Then, use the PoliciesApi class to modify the policy on the manager.

Settings in the DefaultPolicySettings or PolicySettings object that have no values are unchanged on Workload Security.

Workload Security validates all modified settings before persisting the values. If one or more settings in the object is invalid, none of the modified settings are persisted. The error response includes the reason for each failure.

When Workload Security validates setting values, it does not check that interdependent settings are concordant.

The following example configures two settings for a policy to enable either fail open or fail closed mode of operation.

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# Create the SettingValue objects
failure_response_engine_system = api.SettingValue()
failure_response_packet_sanity_check = api.SettingValue()

# Set the values
if fail_open:
    failure_response_engine_system.value = failure_response_packet_sanity_check.value = "Fail open"
else:
    failure_response_engine_system.value = failure_response_packet_sanity_check.value = "Fail closed"

# Set the setting values and add to a policy
policy_settings = api.PolicySettings()
policy_settings.firewall_setting_failure_response_engine_system = failure_response_engine_system
policy_settings.firewall_setting_failure_response_packet_sanity_check = failure_response_packet_sanity_check

policy = api.Policy()
policy.policy_settings = policy_settings

# Modify the policy on Workload Security.
policies_api = api.PoliciesApi(api.ApiClient(configuration))
return policies_api.modify_policy(policy_id, policy, api_version, overrides=False)

For an example of configuring a system setting, see Configure Workload Security System Settings.

Reset policy overrides

Reset policy overrides so that the policy inherits the property or setting value of the parent policy (or, for top-level policies, the default policy settings). The way you reset a policy override depends on the type of property or setting.

Generally, the information in this section also applies to computers. Where some situations use policy-specific classes, you use computer-specific classes. For example, instead of PoliciesApi and PolicySettings, you use ComputersApi and ComputerSettings.

Reset an ID reference

To reset an ID reference override to inherit the value, modify the policy and set the value of the property to 0. An ID reference is a property that uses the ID of another item as a value.

For example, the Set the real time Anti-Malware scan configuration example overrides the realTimeScanConfigurationID for a policy. To reset the property to inherit the value from the parent policy, set realTimeScanConfigurationID to 0.

Reset a setting

The PoliciesApi class provides methods for resetting a single policy setting. For an example, see the Reset the Value of a Policy Setting operation in the Policies section of the Api Reference.

To reset several policy settings at the same time, use a PolicySettings object with PoliciesApi to set the value of the settings to an empty string. For example, the Configure Firewall example overrides the value of the FirewallSettingReconnaissanceEnabled setting for a policy. To reset the setting to inherit the value from the parent policy, you set the value to "".

Reset the status of a security module

To reset the status of a security module, modify the policy and set the value of the module's state to inherited.

For example, the Turn on Application Control example overrides the status property of the Application Control module to on for a policy. To reset the setting to inherit the value from the parent policy, you set the status value to inherited.

Reset a rule

A rule override is achieved when the rule that is added to a policy is changed from the original rule. You can either reset all overrides of a rule, or reset the overrides selectively.

When a rule is assigned to a policy it is not considered an override, whether the parent policy is assigned the rule or not.

Reset all overrides of a rule

Each module-specific policy rules details class (FirewallRulesDetailsApi, PolicyIntegrityMonitoringRulesDetailsApi, PolicyIntrusionPreventionRuleDetailsApi, and PolicyLogInspectionRulesDetailsApi) provide a method for resetting all of the overrides of a rule that is assigned to a specific policy.

To see a code example, go to the Reset firewall rule overrides operation of Policy Firewall Rule Details in the API Reference, and see the code example for the operation.

Selectively reset overrides of a rule

Use the following procedure to reset only some properties of a rule.

  1. Obtain all of the overrides for the policy's rule. Use the describe method of a module-specific rules details class with the overrides parameter set to true. Save the results. (See About the Overrides Parameter.)
  2. Reset all of the overrides of the rule.
  3. Restore the overrides that you want to keep in a new rule.
  4. Modify the policy rule with the overrides.

The following example resets a subset of Log Inspection rule overrides for a policy.

View source

policy_log_inspection_rule_details_api = api.PolicyLogInspectionRuleDetailsApi(api.ApiClient(configuration))

# Get the rule overrides
rule_overrides = policy_log_inspection_rule_details_api.describe_log_inspection_rule_on_policy(policy_id, rule_id, api_version, overrides=True)

# Reset the rule
policy_log_inspection_rule_details_api.reset_log_inspection_rule_on_policy(policy_id, rule_id, api_version, overrides=False)

# Add the desired overrides to a new rule
li_rule_overrides_restored = api.LogInspectionRule()

if rule_overrides.alert_minimum_severity:
    li_rule_overrides_restored.alert_minimum_severity = rule_overrides.alert_minimum_severity

if rule_overrides.recommendations_mode:
    li_rule_overrides_restored.recommendations_mode = rule_overrides.recommendations_mode

# Modify the rule on Workload Security
return policy_log_inspection_rule_details_api.modify_log_inspection_rule_on_policy(policy_id, rule_id, li_rule_overrides_restored, api_version, overrides=False)